In this article I will you explain how you can obtain the tourist visa to China in USA, in an easy and economical way, collecting all the documents electronically from your computer. The Chinese visa proceedings can be done in two ways: through the Visa Office of Chinese Embassy/ Consulate General based on your State of residence or using the online visa service offered by the private agency China Visa Direct.
- I will try to keep this article updated, but keep in mind that the proceedings in the consulates sometimes change from one day to the next, so I recommend that you compare the information in this article with the official information provided by the Chinese consulates in USA.
- This article focuses on obtaining the Chinese visa in USA, though the process is the same in the Canada, UK, Australia or in EU countries. However, the proceeding may differ slightly in each country, so it is best to consult the Chinese consulate websites in each country.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- 1. THE CHINESE VISA PROCEEDING IN THE CHINESE EMBASSY
- Prior considerations in order to understand the Chinese visa process
- Step 1. Have a passport
- Step 2. Buy tickets for plane, train or other means of transport
- Step 3. Make hotel reservations
- Step 4. Fill out the application form
- Step 5. Submit the documentation (and make the payment)
- Step 6. Check the passport with the visa
- 2. GETTING YOUR CHINESE VISA ONLINE: China Visa Direct
- 3. POST-VISA PROCEEDINGS: immigration card and registration
The Chinese visa proceeding in USA is carried out at the Visa Office of Chinese Embassy/ Consulate General based on your State of residence. The cost of a tourist visa is $140. You may submit your application in person, or use an agent (Power of Attorney not necessary)
In addition, since 2016 it is also possible to carry out the Chinese visa proceeding online and without moving from home, through the renowned collective or group visa. This proceeding is carried out by a private agency in Shanghai, called China Visa Direct, and the visa is issued to groups of 2 or more people traveling together and with the same itinerary in China.
If in the visa process in the Chinese Embassy you have to physically submit a series of documents and you get the visa physically stuck in your passport at the end of the process, in the case of the collective online visa you have to send the scanned documents through an online form and what you get at the end is a sheet with the stamped visa, containing a list of the names of the group traveling to China; this sheet is not attached to the passport and is sent to you from Shanghai to your home in USA via international courier service, such as FEDEX, UPS or DHL.
1. THE CHINESE VISA PROCEEDING IN THE CHINESE EMBASSY
With a few exceptions, which you can check on the Chinese Embassy, Americans must apply for a visa to travel to China. There are many types of visa, depending on the purpose of the trip: tourism visa, business visa, transit visa, study visa, work visa, etc. Next, I will explain step by step how to process the tourist visa to China in USA.
Prior considerations in order to understand the Chinese visa process
Before beginning in explain in detail each of the steps to follow to apply for the tourist visa to China in USA, it is convenient to answer some basic questions to better understand the application process.
When is the right moment to begin the procedure?
It is advisable to begin the visa application process between 30 and 45 days before your date of entry into China. You can apply for your visa up to 3 months in advance, but it is not advisable to do it in a rush, as I will explain later, the validity of the visa begins to count from when the consulate issues the visa.
When will I receive my visa?
When you complete the proceeding in person and submit all the required documentation correctly, you will have the visa in around 4 business days. However, keep in mind that the number of processing days may vary, depending on the time of year and the existing demand, but on average it’s around 4 working days. This period can be shortened, paying more, if you use the Express services (2-3 working days) or Rush procedure (1 business day and available only in extreme emergencies and subject to approval by the consular officer).
- Example: if you submit the documents on a Wednesday, your visa will probably be ready on Tuesday of the following week.
What is the period of validity of the visa?
The period of validity of the visa refers to the period that elapses between the date of issuance of the visa (when you submit your application) and the expiration date of the visa. It is the period during which you can enter China. It can be 3 months, 6 months or 1 year. As I explain later, this does not mean you can stay 3, 6 or 12 months in China.
- Example: if you plan to enter China on August 1st, 2018 and you submit the correct documentation in person on July 1st, 2018, your visa should be issued and ready by July 7th, 2018. Your visa would be valid for 3 months from the date of issue, approximately, from July 1st, 2018 to October 1st, 2018 (3 months).
What is the maximum duration of the stay?
The duration of the stay refers to the period that you can stay in China since you entered the country. On a tourist visa (one entry visa) with a validity period of 3 months, the maximum period of stay is 30 days.
- Example: if your visa is valid from July 1st, 2018 to October 1st, 2018, and you enter China on August 1, 2018, you can stay in China for a maximum of 30 days, meaning till August 30th. If you enter China on September 11th and the period of validity ends on October 1st, then you can only stay in China for 20 days.
Both the period of validity of the visa and the duration of the stay are indicated in the visa. Below is an example of how a 3-month tourist visa (one entry visa) and a 30-day stay duration look:
The information that is indicated in the visa is the following:
- Visa category: L (tourism)
- Validity: 3 months, from October 6th, 2015 to January 6th, 2016.
- Issuance date: October 6th, 2015
- Name of visa holder
- Number of allowed entries: 01 (in the next section, I explain what this means)
- Duration of stay: 30 days after entering
- Place of issue
- Passport number
What does the number of entries refer to?
One important concept is the number of entries, which refers to the times you can enter China during the validity period of the visa. Thus, the visa can be of:
- Single entry. The most common type is the single entry visa, through which you can only enter China once. It does not matter if you enter China through Beijing and you leave through another city like Shanghai, since in this case you would only enter China once. The single entry tourist visa is valid for 3 months (just like the previous image).
- Double entry. It means that you can enter China twice. For example, if you enter China and stay in the country for a few days and then want to visit another country (for example, Laos, Vietnam, Mongolia, Nepal, India, or Japan), the double entry visa will allow you to re-enter China during the validity period of your visa. The double entry visa is valid for 3 to 6 months from the date of issue. Below is an example of a double-entry business visa (the tourism one-entry visa would be the same, but it would indicate L instead of M). Note that the stay period is 6 months (from October 6th, 2015 to April 6th, 2016) and that the duration of each stay (every time you enter China) is 30 days, meaning that you can stay for 30 days every time you enter China (in total, you can stay a maximum of 60 days in China, 30 days for each time you enter).
IMPORTANT: the visa entitles you to enter Mainland China, which refers to the area of China under the effective sovereignty of the People’s Republic of China, but doesn’t include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao (former European colonies). This means that if during your trip in China you want to visit Hong Kong (or Macao), and re-enter China, you will need a two-entry visa.
- Multiple entries. The multiple entry visa is the one that allows you to enter China as many times as you want during the validity period of the visa. It is valid for 6 months to 1 year (or even longer, up to 10 years). As you can see in the screenshot below, in the “Entries” section, M is indicated (which means multiple entries). For every time you enter China during the validity period of the visa, you can be there for 30 days.
China’s 10-Year Visas
Starting from November 2014, China announced that multiple-entry L (tourist visa), M (business visa), Q2 (family visit visa), and S2 (short-term Private Visit Visa) with the validity for up to 10 years (not exceeding the life of the passport) would be issued to citizens of USA. The duration of stay is 60 days per entry for tourist and business visas.
Note that the validity of visa depends on the validity of the applicant’s passport.
If you’ll be traveling to China frequently for tourism or business, this 10-year travel visa will keep you from having to apply for a new visa every single time you make a trip. Note that the fee and requeriments for a 10-year visa is exactly the same than for other types of visas for shorter stays
When you fill out your visa application, find section 2.2 where it says “Other” and write “Multiple entries valid for 10 years from the date of issue” in that space.
The application requirements are the same. The only time you need to provide travel documents (proof of round trip tickets, hotel reservations, etc.) is when you’re first applying for the visa. Once you actually get the visa, you have the right to enter China at any time for the duration of the visa.
Now that all these concepts have been clarified, I will explain you step by step how to process the tourist visa to China in USA.
Step 1. Have a passport
In order to obtain the Chinese visa, the first thing you will need is a passport that meets the following conditions:
- Must have a minimum validity of 6 months from the day you submit the visa application. For example, if you apply for a visa on July 1st, 2018, your passport must have a validity date beyond January 1st, 2019.
- Your passport must have at least two blank pages, in order to place the visa there.
- Your passport must not present any type of deterioration such as being torn on the cover, be stained or having broken pages. In these cases it is better to renew the passport before applying for the visa, since in the consulate they are usually very strict and they won’t approve the visa if the passport is damaged.
Other things to keep in mind about the passport are:
- To apply for the visa you must submit your original passport, which will remain in the hands of the Consulate for a few days. This is because the visa will be attached to one of the pages of your passport.
- In addition to the original passport, you must also send a photocopy of the passport page indicating your personal information and photo.
Step 2. Buy tickets for plane, train or other means of transport
Secondly, to process the visa it is mandatory to present a copy of the round trip tickets of the means of transport that you will use to enter and leave China, whether it is by plane, train or bus.
- If you travel to China by plane, the best prices are usually found around three months before reserving your trip. Some companies, such as United Airlines, Air China or Hainan Airlines, offer non-stop direct flights from USA to China, but there are many other companies with which you can fly on stopovers. Once you have purchased the ticket, you must print it:
- If you enter or depart by train from China, you must also submit a copy of the train tickets.
- However, it is not necessary to present the tickets of the trips that you are going to make in the countryside (for example, if you plan to travel by train from Beijing to Shanghai, it is not necessary to present the train ticket).
- Check your airline’s refund policy- if you’re not confident about your visa application it may be wise to pay a little extra for a refundable ticket.
- Additionally, some insurers might offer a ‘cancel for visa denied’ benefit but you’ll have to pay more for this type of cover.
Step 3. Make hotel reservations
The Chinese authorities want to know where you will be at each moment and what will be your itinerary. For this reason, in addition to airline or train tickets, they will also request documentation that justifies the itinerary you are going to make (and that, as I show you later, you must indicate in the application form).
If you are travelling on your own and you will stay in hotels…
The most common case is when you are travelling independently and you will stay in hotels. In this case, all hotel reservations must be presented and must cover the entire duration of the trip.
The most practical thing is to make all hotel reservations through Booking platform, in those accommodations that allow free cancellation. This way, once you have obtained the visa, you can change your hotel reservations for others; in the event that your travel plans change or you find another hotel that best suits your needs.
In the following screenshot you can see an example of a confirmed Booking reservation with free cancellation. It is enough that the name of the person making the reservation appears (this name, if necessary, can also be modified from Booking’s personal area):
If you are travelling with an agency…
If you are going to China with a travel agency with an organized tour, they can issue an invitation letter that should contain your information, the itinerary you will have, hotels you will stay in and the information of the agency that is inviting you.
If you are visiting Chinese friends or resident foreigners in China …
In this case, you must ask your friend to write you an invitation letter with your information, information about the visit (arrival and departure days, places to visit, relationship between the applicant and the person who invites), as well as their personal information (name, phone, address in China and signature).
Step 4. Fill out the application form
Once you have the previous documentation (passport, tickets and hotel reservations), you can fill out the application form. You can do it electronically by using computer. In regards to the electronic form you should consider that:
- After completing it electronically, you must print it.
- Each person with a passport must fill out a different form. If you have minor children, you must fill out the form and sign it for them (both the father and the mother).
- If some of the items do not apply, type N/A or None.
- If after printing it, you have to correct a section, you will have to fill in a new form and reprint it.
Let’s see how to fill out the form:
Part 1. Personal information
- On the field “Middle name”, you can leave it empty if not applicable.
- In section 1.11 you must indicate the number of your passport (it comes on the first page).
- It is very important to correctly specify your mobile number and your email, as if there is a problem in your application or if a document is missing, they will contact you.
- You must specify the details of your passport, such as: date of issue, expiration date and place of issue.
- Current job and education data.
- Specify the main members of your family: enough to put the names of parents, spouse and children.
- The information of a person to be contacted, in case of emergency.
Part 2. Travel information
- Specify the reason for your trip. In this example below I indicated “Tourism”.
- Number of entries: as during the trip to China I don’t plan to leave the country and then re-enter, I indicated “One entry”.
- Notice: for a China’s 10-Year Visa, where it says “Other”, write “Multiple entries valid for 10 years from the date of issue” in that space.
- Expected date of the first entry into China: since my plane arrives in Beijing on August 1, I indicated this date.
- Longer stay in China: since I have planned my trip for 10 days (from August 1 to August 10, 2018), I specified 10 days, but you can indicate up to 30 days, since the maximum duration of each stay is 30 days (as I explained earlier).
- Itinerary in China: take the hotel reservations you made and indicate the city, the day you will arrive at each hotel and your address (the easiest way is to enter Booking and copy and paste the addresses of the hotels in the form).
- If the travel expenses are covered by you, select “Myself”. If you are filling in the form for your children, select “Parents or legal guardians”.
- Information of the inviting party in China: in case you are invited by a friend or relative resident in China.
- Specify if you have previously obtained another Chinese visa and its information.
- Point out other countries that you have visited during the last 12 months. Don’t forget to introduce, at least, those that are reflected in your passport.
Part 3. Other information
You must answer some simple questions and, if there are companions who use the same passport as the applicant, you must also give their information:
Part 4. Declaration
At the end of the form they will remind you that you must print the form, date it and sign it. They also give you the option to include the representative’s information. If you fill in the form of your spouse or relatives, you don’t need to fill in the details of the representative, you just have to print the form and give it to your family member to sign it.
Once completed you must click on the button “Print form”:
You can check how the form I completed would look through this link: Completed form of Chinese visa application (PDF).
Part 5. Photo and signature
Once the form is printed, there are still two things to do: paste a photo and sign.
- Photography. In the consulate, they are quite strict with the photos. It is always preferable to do it without glasses and with a white background. The size must be 48 × 33 millimeters. In this screenshot, you have the official consulate instructions about the requirements that the photo must fulfill:
IMPORTANT: the photo must be pasted to the form, not stapled.
- Signature. Finally, you must sign the form.
Step 5. Submit the documentation (and make the payment)
Now that you have all the documentation ready (form completed with photo and signature, round-trip tickets, hotel reservations, original passport and a photocopy of the passport page indicating your personal information and photo), it is time to submit all the documents at the window.
You must submit your application to Chinese Embassy/ Consulate General based on your State of residence. You may submit your application in person, or through a family member, friend or agent (Power of Attorney not necessary). Note that you may be required to go to the Visa Office in person to have an interview as deemed necessary by a consular officer (although this is very unusual).
|Chinese Embassy in USA||Consulate in New York||Consulate in Chicago|
|Consulate in San Francisco||Consulate in Los Angeles||Consulate in Houston|
- Appointment is NOT required for submission or collection of your visa. Walk-in service is available during office hours.
- Note that NO mail-in/online/fax applications are accepted.
- You or your agent will be able to pick up your passport with visa on the date printed on your Pick-up slip, unless otherwise notified by the Visa Office.
- Mail-back visa service is NOT provided.
You must pay the visa fee once your application is processed and approved. Acceptable methods of payment are: credit card (Visa or MasterCard only), money order, cashier’s check or company check. You can check the rates through this link.The standard procedure costs $140 (if you use the express or rush service, it is more expensive).
You will submit the documentation at the window, where they will review it and give you a receipt with the date in which you will have to go to collect the passport with the visa. Another person can go in your place with this receipt.
Step 6. Check the passport with the visa
Once you receive the passport with the visa, you must check that all the information is correct: period of validity, number of entries, length of stay and personal information.
If you find an error or omission, let Consulate know so that they will correct it. If the error is attributable to you, additional fees will apply, otherwise they will correct it immediately without additional cost.
2. GETTING YOUR CHINESE VISA ONLINE: China Visa Direct
China Visa Direct is a private travel agency located in Shanghai, specifically, in the renowned “Shanghai Free Trade Zone”, an area created by the Chinese government to promote innovation, development and business growth. The name of the agency behind China Visa Direct is Shanghai Orange & Orange Travel Agency.
During 2016, it launched the first online platform specializing in the application for collective visas to China, through which it is possible to apply for the Chinese collective visa for groups of 2 to 10 people, without leaving home. You won’t have to go to any consulate.
However, it should be clear that this is a private company that is not part of the Chinese government and that the final decision to grant the visa or not corresponds to the Immigration Office of the Ministry of Public Security in Shanghai.
Previous questions about online visa
What requirements must be met?
- The online collective tourism visa is a visa that is issued for groups of at least 2 people and a maximum of 10. All the members of the group have to carry out the same itinerary in China, by entering and leaving the country at the same time. It is an ideal visa if you travel with family or friends and everyone will do the same itinerary.
- To obtain this visa you must scan your documents and send them electronically: a copy of the passport page with your personal information, a copy of the round trip ticket (either by air or train) and a copy of the hotel reservations.
- After sending the documents online and making the payment, they will send the visa to your home address, via international courier service.
- The visa is a sheet of A4 size, which details the information of the authorized group.
- The price can vary, according to your nationality. For US citizens it costs $168 per person, though if you use the code #CH17122110BLGRSL# (with the number signs included) you will have a discount of 10%, so the total price per person would be $151,20.
- You can find the list of countries that can process this visa and the prices, according to nationality, here at this link: https://www.chinavisadirect.com/full-price-table. The visa is also valid for citizens of Canada, UK, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea and European countries.
When can I begin the proceeding?
You can start requesting the visa online in around 15 days in advance. It doesn’t matter if you start applying with more days in advance, as this agency will initiate the proceeding anyway 15 days before your arrival in China.
Why do they do so? Because it is a valid visa for 30 days from the date of issue by the Immigration Office of the Ministry of Public Security in Shanghai, which must be used within 15 days from its date of issue. The visa is valid for a single entry, so if you plan to leave China to re-enter (two entries), this visa won’t work for you.
Since you are sending the documentation, the visa takes around 3 business days, to which you have to add another 3 working days that it will take the visa to arrive to your home, through FEDEX, UPS or DHL international courier service.
- Example: if you apply for the visa on July 16th, 2018 (Monday), since the expected date of entry into China is August 1st, 2018, you will receive the visa at your home around July 24th, 2018 (Tuesday). If the date of issuance of the visa is July 20th, 2018 (approximately), this would mean that the validity of the visa would be until August 20th, 2018.
To sum it up, this is a visa that has an effective duration of approximately 20-22 days, depending on the exact date in which it is issued by the Immigration Office of the Chinese Ministry of Public Security in Shanghai.
Next, I will explain the steps to apply and process the collective online visa:
Step 1. Sign up on the platform
Before beginning the process of applying for a collective visa, you must register on the platform. After completing the registration form, you will be sent an email with the access data to the platform (if it does not arrive, check your email’s spam folder).
If the group leader or family head signs up, it’s enough, and he/she can be responsible for applying for all the group members, as well handling the total payment.
Step 2. Select the type of visa
Select the type of visa, in this case, group visa:
Step 3. Enter personal information and send the online documentation
In this step you will have to enter the personal information and attach the travel documentation of each member of the group. It is very important that you review and check the personal information carefully, as the issued visa will be based on this data. There is a field in which you can specify a different shipping address, if different to home address.
As for the documents, it is the same that you request at the consulate, just that in this case you have to send electronically: the passport page containing your personal information, the airline (or train) tickets and all hotel reservations for the duration of the trip. You can only send one file for each document, so if, for example, you have several hotel reservations in separate files, put them together in a single file.
In this step, you must enter the code #CH17122110BLGRSL# (with the number signs included) to get a 10% discount for all group members and click on “Apply”:
Next, you should check thoroughly that all the information is correct and, if so, click on the “Confirm” button. It is very important to review and verify the information thoroughly before clicking on the “Confirm” button, since once confirmed, you will not be able to change it. If you need to make a change, you have to press the “Modify” button.
Step 4. Make the payment
The last part of the proceeding is to make the payment. You can do it instantaneously via PayPal or with your credit/debit card or via bank transfer. To expedite the proceeding it is preferable to choose payment via PayPal or by card. If you choose a card, you must select between Visa or MasterCard and enter your information:
The payment includes visa fees, agency management fees and shipping costs of sending the visa by international courier, either by FEDEX, UPS or DHL.
After the completion of the payment you will receive an email confirmation and you can track your visa on your website.
Step 5. Receiving the visa
The collective visa will arrive at the home address of the group leader, meaning the person who has been responsible for all the proceeding management (unless during the application process you have indicated another different address in which it is more convenient to receive the visa). This is an example of how the visa looks:
- Example: as you can see in the screenshot above, this is a collective visa for 2 people, for tourism (L), valid from August 21st, 2015 to September 21st, 2015, and should be used before September 4th, 2015, meaning that you have to enter China before this date. The personal information of the 2 group members also come in the visa.
The visa will be requested upon your entry to China. If you see that the customs officer goes to look for the visa in your passport, you can tell him/her that this is a group visa and that it comes on a separate sheet. Upon leaving the country, customs will keep the visa. Therefore, in your passport there will be no trace of your passage through China.
3. POST-VISA PROCEEDINGS: immigration card and registration
When you arrive in China, you still have to do a couple of proceedings: the immigration card of arrival in China and the registration. When exiting the country, you must deliver the departure card.
3.1. The immigration card of arrival in China (and departure from China)
Upon arrival in China you must complete the ‘Arrival Card’, which will be kept by the immigration officer. You will keep the ‘Departure Card’, which you will have to deliver when you leave the country. Here is an example of this immigration card (front and back):
It is very simple to fill. On the arrival card you should indicate:
- Family name
- Given names
- Passport No
- Intended Address in China
- Male / Female
- Date of birth
- Visa No
- Place of Visa Issuance
- Flight No/Ship’s name/Train No
- Purpose of visit (only one): for tourism “Sightseeing / in leisure”
The departure card is equally simple to fill:
- Family name
- Given names
- Passport No
- Date of birth
- Male / Female
- Flight No/Ship’s name/Train No
If you lose this card, never mind, as you can get a new card at the airport to fill out, since it doesn’t come with any special stamps or numbers.
3.2. Foreigner Registration in China
On the back of the immigration card, you will see an important announcement; in section 1 it warns that foreigners who won’t stay in hotels, hostels or pensions, must register their arrival (by themselves or the host of the house) within 24 hours (72 hours in rural areas) at the nearest Police Station, where they will give you a form that you must fill out and they will ask for your passport and copies of the page where your personal information comes, as well as from the visa and the entry stamp.
If you stay in hotels there is no problem, since when you check in, the hotel will take care of the registration.
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